|First Name:||Charles Philippe|
|Birth Date:||Sun, Oct 27, 1754|
|Death Date:||Sat, Feb 04, 1804|
|Main places of activity:||
Guiraudet started his activities as a translator in the late 1780s, when he joined Mirabeau's famous atelier to produce a French version of Catherine Macaulay's History of England that achieved a certain initial success but was never published entirely.
However, Guiraudet's most famous translation is the complete works of Machiavelli, which he began after he lost his appointment at the Ministry of foreign affairs. Guiraudet's version remained an absolute reference text until the middle of the nineteenth century.
Both translations directly intervened in the political debates of their times, addressing the pressing issues that the Revolution was facing and offering a clear insight into Guiraudet's overall conservative political position (see translation works).
Mirabeau appreciated Guiraudet's capacities, saying of him "c'est un bon esprit, étamé de caractère" (Guyot, p. 75).
secondary bibliography references
"Toussaint Guiraudet", in Pierre Larousse, ed., Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle, Paris, vol. VIII (1872), 1636.
Raymond Guyot, Le Directoire et la paix de l'Europe des traités de Bâle à la deuxième coalition (1795-1799), Alcan, 1912, 75-6.
Bernard Gainot, 'Lectures de Machiavel à l'époque du Directoire et du Triennio jacobin', in Paolo Carta and Xaxier Tabat, eds., Machiavel au XIXe et XXe siècles, CEDAM, 2007, 17-48.
Francesco Dendena, 'Histoire républicaine et conscience révolutionnaire', La Révolution française, 5 (2013).
Giuseppe Sciara, 'Guiraudet e Périès traduttori di Machiavelli alla luce della Rivoluzione: tra riabilitazione e usi politici', Laboratoire italien, 16 (2015).