Translations

  • L'ami des jeunes gens

  • Translation Title: Der Freund junger Leute
  • Original Author: Guillame Grivel
  • Original title: L'ami des jeunes gens
  • Publ. Year From: 1763 to:
  • lang: French
  • Translation: Der Freund junger Leute
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1764
  • Lang: German
  • Observations on the Religion, Law, Government and Manners of the Turks

  • Translation Title: Sir James Porters Anmerkungen über die Religion, Regierungsform und die Sitten der Türken
  • Original Author: James Porter
  • Original title: Observations on the Religion, Law, Government and Manners of the Turks
  • Publ. Year From: 1767 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: Sir James Porters Anmerkungen über die Religion, Regierungsform und die Sitten der Türken
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1767
  • Lang: German
  • Théorie du système animal

  • Translation Title: Philosophische Betrachtungen über die thierische Schöpfung
  • Original Author: John Bruckner
  • Original title: Théorie du système animal
  • Publ. Year From: 1766 to:
  • lang: French
  • Title: A Philosophical Survey of the Animal Creation
  • Pub. Place: Leiden
  • Pub. Year: 1766
  • Lang: English
  • Note:

    Garve translated from this English edition, translated by Thomas Cogan in 1767.

  • Translation: Philosophische Betrachtungen über die thierische Schöpfung
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1768
  • Lang: German
  • Institutes of Moral Philosophy

  • Translation Title: Adam Fergusons Grundsäzte der Kritik
  • Original Author: Adam Ferguson
  • Original title: Institutes of Moral Philosophy
  • Publ. Year From: 1768 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: Adam Fergusons Grundsäzte der Kritik
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1771
  • Lang: German
  • Note:

    Garve's translation unintentionally but appreciably modifies the substance of Ferguson's ideas, by changing the meaning of expressions such as "public spirit", due to a lack of adequate German terms.

  • Elements of Criticism

  • Translation Title: Heinrich Home: Grundsätze der Kritik
  • Original Author: Henry Home, Lord Kames
  • Original title: Elements of Criticism
  • Publ. Year From: 1761 to:
  • lang: English
  • Title: Elements of Criticism
  • Pub. Place: Edinburgh
  • Pub. Year: 1768
  • Lang: English
  • Translation: Heinrich Home: Grundsätze der Kritik
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1771
  • Lang: German
  • Note:

    Garve and Engel reworked the translation by Meinhard (1763-1766) after his death, starting from the expanded fourth edition of Home's treatise.

  • A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful

  • Translation Title: Burkes philosophische Untersuchungen über den Ursprung unserer Begriffe von Erhabenen und Schönen
  • Original Author: Edmund Burke
  • Original title: A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful
  • Publ. Year From: 1756 to:
  • lang: English
  • Title: A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful
  • Pub. Place: Berwick
  • Pub. Year: 1771
  • Lang: English
  • Translation: Burkes philosophische Untersuchungen über den Ursprung unserer Begriffe von Erhabenen und Schönen
  • Pub. Place: Riga
  • Pub. Date: 1772
  • Lang: German
  • An Essay on Genius

  • Translation Title: Alexander Gerard: Versuch über das Genie
  • Original Author: Alexander Gerard
  • Original title: An Essay on Genius
  • Publ. Year From: 1773 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: Alexander Gerard: Versuch über das Genie
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1775
  • Lang: German
  • De officiis libri tres

  • Translation Title: Abhandlung über die menschlichen Pflichten
  • Original Author: Cicero
  • Original title: De officiis libri tres
  • lang: Latin
  • Translation: Abhandlung über die menschlichen Pflichten
  • N° Editions: 4
  • Pub. Place: Brelsau
  • Pub. Date: 1782
  • Lang: German
  • Note:

    This translation was occasioned by Frederick II's stationing in Breslau during the negotiations for the Treaty of Teschen (1779): Garve met with the king, who asked the scholar for a new edition of his favourite book.

    Garve's version however enlarged the basis of Cicero's ethics and stoicism from the ruling classes to a popular audience, making the De officiis an educative and practical philosophical guide to virtuous life.

    Garve's translation obtained a huge success, being reprinted four times during his life and several times again afterwards until 1819.


  • Inquiries concerning the Poor

  • Translation Title: Johann Macfarlans Untersuchungen über die Armuth : die Ursachen derselben und die Mittel ihr abzuhelfen
  • Original Author: John Macfarlan
  • Original title: Inquiries concerning the Poor
  • Publ. Year From: 1781 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: Johann Macfarlans Untersuchungen über die Armuth : die Ursachen derselben und die Mittel ihr abzuhelfen
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1784
  • Lang: German
  • The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy

  • Translation Title: M. Payley's Grundsätze der Moral und Politik
  • Original Author: William Paley
  • Original title: The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy
  • Publ. Year From: 1784 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: M. Payley's Grundsätze der Moral und Politik
  • Pub. Place: Leipzig
  • Pub. Date: 1786
  • Lang: German
  • A View of the Reign of Frederick II of Prussia; with a parallel between that Prince and Philip II of Macedon

  • Translation Title: Gillies Vergleichung zwischen Friedrich II. und Philipp dem König von Macedonien.
  • Original Author: John Gillies
  • Original title: A View of the Reign of Frederick II of Prussia; with a parallel between that Prince and Philip II of Macedon
  • Publ. Year From: 1788 to:
  • lang: English
  • Translation: Gillies Vergleichung zwischen Friedrich II. und Philipp dem König von Macedonien.
  • Pub. Place: Breslau
  • Pub. Date: 1790
  • Lang: German
  • An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

  • Translation Title: Untersuchung über die Natur und die Ursachen des Nationalreichthums
  • Original Author: Adam Smith
  • Original title: An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
  • Publ. Year From: 1775 to:
  • lang: English
  • Title: An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
  • Pub. Place: London
  • Pub. Year: 1785
  • Translation: Untersuchung über die Natur und die Ursachen des Nationalreichthums
  • Pub. Place: Brelsau
  • Pub. Date: 1793
  • Lang: German
  • Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια

  • Translation Title: Die Ethik des Aristoteles
  • Original Author: Aristotle
  • Original title: Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια
  • lang: Greek
  • Translation: Die Ethik des Aristoteles
  • Pub. Place: Breslau
  • Pub. Date: 1797
  • Lang: German
  • Πολιτικά

  • Translation Title: Die Politik des Aristoteles
  • Original Author: Aristotle
  • Original title: Πολιτικά
  • lang: Greek
  • Translation: Die Politik des Aristoteles
  • Pub. Place: Breslau
  • Pub. Date: 1798
  • Lang: German