|Birth Date:||Sun, Oct 03, 1706|
|Death Date:||Sat, Mar 12, 1768|
|Main places of activity:||
Venuti translated from French to Italian, dedicating himself to different sorts of texts and mediating between the two cultures.
While in France, Venuti focused his efforts on plays and poems, especially authored by his friends Lefranc de Pompignan and Montesquieu. His Italian version of La religion by Racine was prompted with some hopes of drawing the attention of the highest ecclesiastical milieux in Paris. Venuti was eventually disappointed, as his use of translation to gain the patronage of the bishop of Mirepoix Jean-François Boyer proved unsuccessful (Musitelli 2006).
When back in Italy, Venuti translated several passages of French works for his periodical Magazzino toscano d'istruzione e di piacere, as a way to popularise and circulate ideas from abroad. Venuti at this stage understood translation as a very practical undertaking and as an instrument rather than an art to replicate the elegance of original texts. His version of La Condamine's treatise on the inoculation of smallpox, for instance, first appeared on the Magazzino with comments and notes to contextualise its contents for the Leghorn audience, where inoculation was already a practice well-known to local doctors (Marcil 2018).
Venuti furthermore published translations regarding numismatics and antiquaries in the proceedings of the Accademia degli Etruschi, including the dissertations by his fellow academicians Joannon de Saint-Laurent, Claude Gros de Boze and Joseph Bimard de la Bastie.
secondary bibliography references
Anna Maria Rosadoni, 'Un traduttore cortonese, amico di Montesquieu: Filippo de' Venuti', in Culture française, XXII, n°6 (1975), 338-47.
Robert Shackleton, 'Filippo Venuti académicien de Bordeaux et ami de Montesquieu', in Essays on Montesquieu and on the Enlightenment, ed. by David Gilson and Martin Smith, Oxford University Press, 1988, 257-67.
Pierre Musitelli, 'Filippo Venuti, ami de Montesquieu et collaborateur de l’édition lucquoise de l’Encyclopédie', in Dix-huitième siècle, 38 (2006), 429-48.
Pierre Musitelli, 'Dall’antiquaria all’enciclopedismo: l’itinerario di Filippo Venuti tra Francia e Toscana nel secolo dei Lumi', in Annuario dell’Accademia etrusca, 23 (2006-2007), 117-48.
Cristina Cagianelli, 'Filippo Venuti e la colonia livornese dell'Accademia Colombaria', in Alle origini di Livorno: l'età etrusca e romana, ed. by Stefano Bruni, Polistampa, 2009, 55-66.
Yasmine Marcil, 'Entre France et Italie, le mémoire en faveur de l’inoculation de La Condamine', in La Revolution Française, 13 (2018), 67-84.
- Giovanni Lista